This meeting parallels a New Testament church service, and is the first of its kind in scripture.
This arrangement is not one-sided, as if He were only making demands. Rather God has been profoundly generous with His people.
Following God hasn’t been easy for Israel, or for us, despite His faithfulness. Will they, and will we, trust Him enough to submit to the terms of the covenant?
2. Blood Sacrifice. Ex. 24:4b-8
The covenant was made without a tabernacle or temple, but not without an altar. There had to be a gateway. A butcher’s table was needed.
The peace offering represented reconciliation with God, and was celebrated as a meal, after the offering had been roasted. The peace offering was celebrated only after the sacrifice for sin had been made, in which that sacrifice was entirely consumed by fire.
Romans 3:24-25. “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood.”
Romans 5:9. “Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God.”
Ephesians 1:7. “In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace.”
Ephesians 2:13. “But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.”
Colossians 1:19-20. “For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.”
Hebrews 9:11-14, 18-22. “But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation) he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God… Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood. For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you.” And in the same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the vessels used in worship. Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.”
Hebrews 12:23-24. “You have come… to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word”
Hebrews 10:19. “Therefore brothers… since we have the blood of Jesus… let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience”
3. Seeing God. Ex. 24:9-11
Ezekiel 1:26-28. “And above the expanse over their heads there was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was a likeness with a human appearance. And upward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were gleaming metal, like the appearance of fire enclosed all around. And downward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness around him. Like the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud on the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness all around. Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord. And when I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard the voice of one speaking.”
Do you see God? How do you see Him? The only way to see Him is in the work of His Son — “the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ”.